About Galicia and the Provinces

The autonomous community of Galicia is divided into four provinces that make up the region of Galicia which is an autonomous community in northwest Spain. Each province has its own provincial capital city and each of these capitals takes its name from the province that it represents.

Map of Galicia with Provinces

Map of Galicia with Provinces

The provinces are la Coruña, Pontevedra, Ourense and Lugo.

The capital of the Galician region is Santiago de Compostela which lies in the la Coruna province, however, just to complicate matters, it is not the capital of the la Coruna province itself.

Often described as green Spain or real Spain, this temperate north western corner of the Iberian Peninsula is rich and fertile with an abundance of beaches and spectacular mountainous views. It has historic cities like the famous Santiago de Compostela, a culture descended from the Celts and a warm and friendly welcome for all of its foreign visitors.

Playa de Catedrales, Galicia Spain

Playa de Catedrales, Galicia Spain (Photo credit: AndyRobertsPhotos)

Did you know – There are actually three Galicia’s in Europe, one in Poland and another in Turkey, but the one that we are interested in is in the north of Spain and shares its southern border with Portugal. Spain’s Galicia faces the Atlantic Ocean to the west and is bordered by another scenic Spanish region, Asturias, to the east. To the north lies the infamous bay of Biscay.

Facade of "O Obradoiro", cathedral o...

Facade of “O Obradoiro”, cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Galicia. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Galicia’s economy is based on its fishing and manufacturing industries and increasingly on tourism.  While the western coast, with its major population centers and its fishing and manufacturing industries, is prosperous and increasing in population, the rural provinces of Ourense and Lugo — are economically dependent on traditional agriculture. The increased in tourism, sustainable forestry and organic and traditional agriculture are bringing more opportunities to the Galician economy without compromising the preservation of the natural resources and the local culture.

Enhanced by Zemanta